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The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory

Arkun Tatar.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: Five Factor Personality Inventory, when used in large samples for screening purposes may lead to difficulties and unhealthy results because of its length. The inventory contains 220 items and designed to assess five factors and seventeen sub dimensions. However, when only five factors need to be evaluated, administration of the long form of the inventory causes loss of time, effort and economic value. For this reason this study aims to develop a short form of the inventory to assess only the five factors of the scale. Methods: The data of the normative sample of 5239 participants of the inventory was divided into two. The first half consisting of 2000 participants was used for the selection of items, and the second half consisting of 3239 participants was used for cross validity study. The short form constructed was administered to a sample of 1518 participants as a third study. The results of the first two studies were compared with the data of the third study. Results: Out of the long form of the inventory 76 items for the five factors, 6 items for the social desirability dimension and 3 items as control items were selected by using item response theory. Various methods were used to determine the validity of the short form, and the correlations between the long and the short forms. High correlation coefficients were found for each of the factors of the long and the short forms in each of the three analyses of data. Structural validity of the short form was shown by explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability values of the short form were close to the values of the long form in all of the studies. Test retest correlation coefficients of the short form were also high. All of the results showed very close factor values. Conclusion: It was seen that the developed short form of 85 items complied with five factor model and also protected the structure of the long form. Many strong correlations between the two forms showed that the short form represents the long form.

Key words: Five Factor Personality Inventory, short form, long form, personality inventory



Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanterinin Kısa Formunun geliştirilmesi

Özet
Amaç: Beş Faktör Kişilik Ölçeğinin tarama amaçlı geniş örneklem kullanımlarında, uzunluğu nedeniyle hem zorluklar yaşanmakta, hem de sağlıksız sonuçlar elde edilebilmektedir. İki yüz yirmi maddeden oluşan ölçek, beş faktör ile on yedi alt boyutla değerlendirilmektedir. Ancak sadece beş faktör sonucu istendiğinde ölçeğin tamamının uygulanması zaman, emek, ekonomik değer kaybına neden olmaktadır. Bu nedenle bu çalışmayla ölçeğin beş faktör puanları vermeye yönelik kısa formunun geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: İlgili çalışmalar doğrultusunda ölçeğin 5239 kişilik norm grubu verisi ikiye bölünmüştür. Verinin 2000 kişilik ilk yarısı madde seçmek için, 3239 kişilik ikinci yarısı da çapraz geçerlilik çalışması için kullanılmıştır. Oluşturulan kısa form, üçüncü çalışma kapsamında 1518 kişiye uygulanarak ilk iki çalışma sonuçları bu veriyle test edilmiştir. Bulgular: Madde Yanıt Kuramı ile ölçekten beş faktöre 76, sosyal istenilirlik boyutuna altı, kontrol maddesi olarak da üçü seçilmiştir. Kısa formun geçerliliği, kısa ve uzun form arasında bağıntıların belirlenmesi için birçok farklı yöntemlerle incelenmiştir. Üç veri grubunda da kısa form ile uzun form arasında faktörlerin her biri için yüksek bağıntı katsayıları bulunmuştur. Kısa formun yapısal geçerliliği açıklayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizleriyle gösterilmiştir. Üç çalışma verisinde de kısa form güvenilirlikleri uzun form güvenilirliklerine yakın değerlerde gerçekleşmiştir. Kısa formun üçüncü çalışmada incelenen test-tekrar test bağıntıları da yüksektir. Tüm sonuçlarda beş faktörün birbirine çok yakın değerler gösterdikleri bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Geliştirilen 85 maddeli kısa formun hem beş faktör modeline uyduğu, hem de uzun form yapısını koruduğu görülmüştür. İki form arasındaki çok sayıdaki güçlü bağıntılar ise kısa formun uzun formu iyi temsil ettiğini göstermiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Beş Faktör Kişilik Envanteri, kısa form, uzun form, kişilik envanteri


 
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Pubmed Style

Arkun Tatar. [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2016; 17(Supplement 1): 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977


Web Style

Arkun Tatar. [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=202977 [Access: April 19, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arkun Tatar. [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2016; 17(Supplement 1): 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arkun Tatar. [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2016), [cited April 19, 2018]; 17(Supplement 1): 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



Harvard Style

Arkun Tatar (2016) [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 17 (Supplement 1), 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



Turabian Style

Arkun Tatar. 2016. [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 17 (Supplement 1), 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



Chicago Style

Arkun Tatar. "[The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 17 (2016), 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arkun Tatar. "[The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 17.Supplement 1 (2016), 14-23. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arkun Tatar (2016) [The development of Short-Form Five Factor Personality Inventory]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 17 (Supplement 1), 14-23. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.202977





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