ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability

Nagihan Saday Duman, Özgür Öner, Ayla Soykan Aysev.

Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of educational therapy on the level of self-esteem and problem behaviors in children diagnosed with specific learning disability (SLD). Methods: A total of 150 children between 9-11 years of age were included in the study. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) and SLD test battery was administered to all children who were diagnosed with SLD. Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 6-18) and Teacher’s Report Form were also used. The scales were administered again to children in the educational therapy group when the therapy was completed and to children in the control group after three months. Results: The level of self-esteem in children with a diagnosis of SLD was found to be lower than the normal developing children. Scores related to behavioral problems in CBCL 6-18 and TRF 6-18 were found higher in children with a diagnosis of SLD than the normal developing children. In the evaluations performed after the therapy, a significant difference was found in the SLD test battery scores of the children who were diagnosed with SLD and were administered educational therapy compared to the SLD test battery scores of those on the waiting list. In the evaluations performed after the educational therapy, an increase in the level of self-esteem and a decrease in problem behavior scores were found in the group that were diagnosed with SLD and received educational therapy. Discussion: Educational therapy was found to increase the level of self-esteem and to decrease behavioral problems and symptoms of SLD in children. However, other psychosocial factors are thought to play a role in children’s better detection themselves except improvement signs of SLD with education. More specific studies are needed on the impact of these factors.

Key words: specific learning disabilities, self-esteem, problem behavior, educational therapy



Özgül öğrenme güçlüğü olan çocuklarda eğitsel tedavinin benlik saygısı düzeyine ve davranış sorunlarına etkisi

Ozet
Amaç: Bu araştırmada, özgül öğrenme güçlüğü (ÖÖG) olan çocukların benlik saygısı düzeyleri ve sorun davranışlarında eğitsel tedavinin etkinliğinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışmaya 9-11 yaş aralığında toplam 150 çocuk alınmıştır. Çalışmaya katılan ve ÖÖG tanısı konulan tüm çocuklara Wechsler Çocuklar için Zeka Ölçeği-Yeni Versiyonu (WÇZÖ-Y) çocuk ve ergenlerde uygulanan zeka testi ve ÖÖG test bataryası uygulanmıştır. Ayrıca Piers-Harris Çocuklar için Öz Kavramı Ölçeği, 6-18 yaş Çocuk ve Gençler için Davranış Değerlendirme Ölçeği (CBCL 6-18) ve 6-18 yaş Çocuk ve Gençler için Öğretmen Bilgi Formu (TRF 6-18) kullanılmıştır. Çalışmaya katılan eğitsel tedavi grubundaki çocuklara eğitim bitince, kontrol grubundaki çocuklara ise üç ay sonra ölçekleri yeniden verilmiştir. Sonuç: ÖÖG tanısı olan çocukların benlik saygısı düzeyleri sağlıklı çocuklara göre daha düşük saptanmıştır. ÖÖG tanısı olan çocukların CBCL 6-18 ve TRF 6-18 davranış sorunları ile ilgili puanlar sağlıklı kontrollere göre yüksek saptanmıştır. Tedavi sonrası değerlendirmelerde ÖÖG tanısı konulan ve eğitsel tedavi uygulanan grubun ÖÖG test bataryası puanları bekleme listesine göre anlamlı olarak farklı bulunmuştur. Eğitsel tedavi sonrası yapılan değerlendirmelerde ÖÖG tanısı konulan ve eğitsel tedavi uygulanan grupta benlik saygısı düzeylerinde yükselme ve sorun davranış puanlarında azalma saptanmıştır. Tartışma: Eğitsel tedavinin çocukların benlik saygısı düzeylerinde yükselmeye, davranış sorunlarında azalmaya ve ÖÖG belirtilerinde azalmaya yol açtığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ancak çocukların kendilerini daha iyi algılamalarında eğitim ile ÖÖG belirtilerindeki düzelme dışında başka psikososyal etkenlerin de rol oynadığı düşünülmektedir. Bu faktörlerin etkisi ile ilgili daha özgül çalışmalara gereksinim vardır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Özgül öğrenme güçlüğü, benlik saygısı, davranış sorunları, eğitsel tedavi


 
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Pubmed Style

Duman NS, Oner O, Aysev AS. The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2017; 18(1): 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208


Web Style

Duman NS, Oner O, Aysev AS. The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=219208 [Access: July 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.219208


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Duman NS, Oner O, Aysev AS. The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2017; 18(1): 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Duman NS, Oner O, Aysev AS. The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2017), [cited July 21, 2018]; 18(1): 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



Harvard Style

Duman, N. S., Oner, O. & Aysev, A. S. (2017) The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 18 (1), 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



Turabian Style

Duman, Nagihan Saday, Ozgur Oner, and Ayla Soykan Aysev. 2017. The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 18 (1), 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



Chicago Style

Duman, Nagihan Saday, Ozgur Oner, and Ayla Soykan Aysev. "The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 18 (2017), 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Duman, Nagihan Saday, Ozgur Oner, and Ayla Soykan Aysev. "The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 18.1 (2017), 85-92. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.219208



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Duman, N. S., Oner, O. & Aysev, A. S. (2017) The effect of educational therapy on self-esteem and problem behaviors in children with specific learning disability. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 18 (1), 85-92. doi:10.5455/apd.219208





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