ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study

Sultan Doğan, Gamze Varol Saraçoğlu, Evrim Erbek, Korkut Budak.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this investigation is to compare vaginal penetration cognitions and general sexual func-tionality in women with vaginismus and dyspareunia and healthy controls. Methods: A sample of 210 women (70 women with lifelong vaginismus, 70 women with dyspareunia and 70 women without painful sexual activity) com-pleted a series of validated questionnaires. All participant received Structured Assessment Questionnaire, Golom-bok-Rust Sexual Satisfaction Scale, and Vaginal Penetration Cognition Questionnaire (VPCQ). Results: It was found that when compared to dyspareunia and control group, women with vaginismus have higher cognitive scores of loss of control during penetration in VPCQ. Moreover, vaginismus group have lower level of sexual knowledge, cannot penetrate their fingers into their vaginas, and do not use tampons. Both women with vaginismus and dyspa-reunia were reported to have more level of negative self-cognitions, catastrophe/pain and genital incompatibility cognitions than those women with no sexual complaints. Moreover, women with vaginismus and women with dyspa-reunia have more anorgasmia, non-sensuality and sexual dysfunctions than the control group. Conclusion: Our results revealed that Turkish women with sexual pain disorder have similar vaginal penetration cognitions with women living in Western societies. In addition, according to our results it will be beneficial to define another sub group consisting of women who have never experienced sexual intercourse under the title of genito-pelvic pain/ penetration disorder because there are noteworthy differences between vaginismus and dyspareunia.

Key words: Vaginismus, dyspareunia, penetration cognitions, sexual dysfunctions.



Cinsel ağrı bozukluğu olan Türk kadın örnekleminde penetrasyon bilişlerinin ve cinsel işlevselliğin değerlendirilmesi: Karşılaştırmalı bir çalışma

Ozet
Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı vajinismuslu, disparonili ve sağlıklı kadınlarda vajinal penetrasyon bilişlerini ve genel cinsel işlevselliği karşılaştırmaktır. Yöntem: Toplam 210 kadın (yaşam boyu vajinismuslu 70 kadın, disparonili 70 kadın ve cinsel aktivitede ağrısı olmayan 70 kadın) bir dizi ölçeği tamamladı. Bütün katılımcılara Yapılandırılmış Bilgi Formu, Golombok-Rust Cinsel Doyum Ölçeği ve Vajinal Penetrasyon Biliş Ölçeği (VPBÖ) uygulandı. Bulgular: Disparoni ve kontrol grubuyla karşılaştırıldığında vajinismuslu kadınlarda penetrasyon sırasında VPBÖ kontrolünü kaybetme biliş puanlarının anlamlı olarak yüksek ve cinsel bilgi düzeylerinin daha düşük olduğu bulunmuştur. Ayrı-ca, vajinismuslu grubun parmaklarını vajinalarına sokamadığı ve tampon kullanmadığı saptanmıştır. Cinsel yakınması olmayan gruba göre hem vajinismuslu, hem de disparonili kadınlar daha fazla olumsuz benlik bilişleri, felaket- leştirme/ağrı bilişleri, cinsel (genital) uyumsuzluk bilişlerine sahiptiler. Ek olarak, vajinismuslu ve disparonili kadınlar-da orgazm zorluğu, duyusal-dokunma sorunları ve cinsel işlev bozuklukları kontrol grubuna göre daha fazlaydı. Tartışma: Sonuçlarımız, Türkiye’deki cinsel ağrı bozukluğu olan kadınlarda Batılı toplumlarda yaşayan kadınlarla benzer vajinal penetrasyon bilişleri olduğunu göstermiştir. Ayrıca, bulgularımıza göre vajinismus ve disparonili kadınlar arasında kayda değer farklılıklar bulunduğundan hiç cinsel birleşmede bulunamayan kadınların ‘cinsel organlarda-pelviste ağrı/penetrasyon bozukluğu’ başlığı altında ayrı bir alt grup olarak tanımlanması yararlı olacak-tır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Vajinismus, disparoni, penetrasyon bilişleri, cinsel işlev bozuklukları


 
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Pubmed Style

Dogan S, Saracoglu GV, Erbek E, Budak K. The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(3): 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251


Web Style

Dogan S, Saracoglu GV, Erbek E, Budak K. The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=265251 [Access: August 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.265251


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dogan S, Saracoglu GV, Erbek E, Budak K. The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(3): 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dogan S, Saracoglu GV, Erbek E, Budak K. The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited August 18, 2018]; 19(3): 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



Harvard Style

Dogan, S., Saracoglu, G. V., Erbek, E. & Budak, K. (2018) The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (3), 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



Turabian Style

Dogan, Sultan, Gamze Varol Saracoglu, Evrim Erbek, and Korkut Budak. 2018. The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (3), 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



Chicago Style

Dogan, Sultan, Gamze Varol Saracoglu, Evrim Erbek, and Korkut Budak. "The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dogan, Sultan, Gamze Varol Saracoglu, Evrim Erbek, and Korkut Budak. "The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.3 (2018), 227-234. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.265251



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dogan, S., Saracoglu, G. V., Erbek, E. & Budak, K. (2018) The assessment of penetration cognitions and sexual functionality of women with sexual pain disorder in a Turkish sample: a comparative study. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (3), 227-234. doi:10.5455/apd.265251





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