ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling

Mehmet Buğra Özhan, Mehmet Boyacı.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of the study is to test whether grit has a significant effect on the predictions of depression, anxi-ety and stress among university students. For this purpose, depression, anxiety and stress are considered together with grit, which is thought to have an important place in the well-being, social life and academic achievement of the individual. Methods: In September-October 2017, 313 university students enrolling in different departments of two different universities were recruited. In the scope of the research, Personal Information Form (PIF), Short Grit Scale and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale were used to collect data by the researchers for the participants. For the ana-lysis of the data, frequency, percentage, correlation analysis and path analysis were used through SPSS 22 and AMOS programs. Findings: As a result of path analysis, it was found that there is a negative correlation between grit and psychological symptoms which is the sum of depression, anxiety and stress scores. Correlation analysis revealed that there was a negative and significant relationship between participants' grit scores and depression, anxiety and stress scores. It was also found that in the structural equation model, 19% of the change in psycho- logical symptoms was explained by the grit. Results: The study concludes that the model for depression, anxiety and stress is confirmed and the results of the research are consistent with the literature. In this context, it can be benefited from efforts to strengthen grit in the prevention of psychological symptoms.

Key words: Depression, anxiety, stress, grit, psychological symptoms.



Üniversite öğrencilerinde depresyon, anksiyete ve stresin yordayıcısı olarak azim: Bir yapısal eşitlik modellemesi*

Özet
Amaç: Bu araştırmada temel amaç üniversite öğrencilerinde depresyon, anksiyete ve stresin yordanmasında azmin anlamlı bir etkiye sahip olup olmadığının test edilmesidir. Bu amaçla, bireyin iyi oluşunda, toplumsal yaşamında ve akademik başarısında önemli bir yeri olduğu düşünülen azim değişkeni ile depresyon, anksiyete ve stres arasındaki ilişki incelenmiştir. Yöntem: Çalışma kapsamına, Eylül-Ekim 2017’de iki farklı üniversitenin çeşitli bölümlerinde oku-yan toplam 313 üniversite öğrencisi alınmıştır. Araştırma kapsamında katılımcılara araştırmacılar tarafından oluştu-rulan Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Kısa Azim Ölçeği ve Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde IBM SPSS 22 ve AMOS programları aracılığıyla frekans, yüzde istatistikleri ve korelasyon analizi yapılmış ve aynı zamanda yapısal eşitlik modellemesi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Verilerin analizi sonucunda depresyon, anksiyete ve stres değişkenlerinden oluşan ruhsal belirtiler değişkeni ile azim değişkeni arasında negatif yönde ve orta düzeyde anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu bulunmuştur. Ayrıca katılımcıların azim puanlarıyla depresyon, anksiyete ve stres puanları arasında negatif yönlü ve anlamlı ilişki olduğu görülmüştür. Araştırmanın temel problemi doğrultusunda oluşturulan yapısal eşitlik modelinde azim değişkeninin ruhsal belirtiler değişkeni üzerindeki değişimin toplam %19’unu açıkladı-ğı saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Depresyon, anksiyete ve stresin açıklanması amacıyla oluşturulan modelin doğrulandığı ve araştırmanın sonuçlarının literatürle tutarlı olduğu görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda ruhsal belirtilerin önlenmesinde azim geliştirmeye yönelik çalışmalardan faydalanılabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Depresyon, anksiyete, stres, azim, psikolojik belirtiler.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ozhan MB, Boyaci M. [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(4): 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042


Web Style

Ozhan MB, Boyaci M. [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=285042 [Access: June 24, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ozhan MB, Boyaci M. [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(4): 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ozhan MB, Boyaci M. [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited June 24, 2018]; 19(4): 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



Harvard Style

Ozhan, M. B. & Boyaci, M. (2018) [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (4), 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



Turabian Style

Ozhan, Mehmet Bugra, and Mehmet Boyaci. 2018. [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (4), 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



Chicago Style

Ozhan, Mehmet Bugra, and Mehmet Boyaci. "[Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ozhan, Mehmet Bugra, and Mehmet Boyaci. "[Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.4 (2018), 370-376. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ozhan, M. B. & Boyaci, M. (2018) [Grit as a predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among university students: a structural equation modeling]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (4), 370-376. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.285042





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