ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder

Ebru Altıntaş, Meryem Özlem Kütük, Ali Evren Tufan, Harika Gözükara Bağ.

Abstract
Objective: This study was to determine the relation between alexithymia and suicidal ideation and factors associ-ated with suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Also we determined whether alexithymia is predictor of suicidal ideation related with SAD. Methods: One hundred and sixty-four SAD (n=57), panic disorder (PD) (n=58), healthy controls (HC) (n=49) subjects (according to DSM-5) were included to study. Alexithymia was measured by Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20(TAS-20), suicidal ideation was measured by Suicidal Ideation Scale (SIS), social anxiety level were evaluated with Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale and anxiety and depression level evaluated with Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory, State and Trait Anxiety Scales. Results: Alexithymia, the rate of was found to be 38.6% in SAD patients and 29.3% in PD patients. In SAD group, significant correlation was found between TAS 20, its factors and SIS. With path analysis, it was found that TAS 20 total scores predicted SIS scores only indirectly and via their effects on trait anxiety and subjective depressive symptoms. Conclusion: In alexithymic SAD patient’s suicidal ideation may occur when comorbid depression is present. Based upon the findings alexithymia may not be a good predictor of suicidal ideation for preventing suicidal attempts in patients with social anxiety disorder

Key words: Social Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Alexithymia, Suicidal Ideation



Aleksitimi, sosyal anksiyete bozukluğu hastalarında intihar düşüncelerinin iyi bir belirteci değildir

Özet
Amaç: Bu çalışma aleksitimi ile intihar düşüncesi arasındaki ilişkiyi ve sosyal anksiyete bozukluğu (SAB) hastaların-da intihar düşünceleriyle ilişkili etkenleri belirlemek için yapılmıştır. Aynı zamanda aleksitiminin SAB ile ilişkili intihar düşüncelerinin bir öncüsü olup olmadığını belirlemeye çalıştık. Yöntem: Çalışmaya DSM-5 ölçütlerine göre SAB (s=57), panik bozukluğu (PB) (s=58), sağlıklı kontrol (s=49) olan 164 kişi alınmıştır. Aleksitimi, Toronto Aleksitimi Ölçeği-20 (TAÖ-20) ile, intihar düşünceleri İntihar Düşünceleri Ölçeği (İDÖ) ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sosyal anksiyete düzeyi Liebowitz Sosyal Anksiyete Ölçeği ve anksiyete ve depresyon düzeyleri Beck Depresyon Ölçeği ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeği ile Durumluk Sürekli Anksiyete Ölçeği ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuçlar: Aleksitimi oranı SAB hasta-larında %38.6, PB hastalarında da %29.3 oranında bulundu. SAB grubunda, TAÖ-20 alt ölçekleri ve İDÖ arasında anlamlı korelasyon bulundu. Path analizi ile TAÖ-20 total puanlarının İDÖ puanlarını dolaylı öngördüğü ve bunun da sürekli anksiyete ve öznel depresif belirtiler üzerindeki etkileri aracılığıyla olduğu bulundu. Tartışma: Aleksitimik SAB hastalarında, intihar düşünceleri depresyon eş tanısı olduğunda görülebilir. Bu bulgulara dayanarak, aleksitiminin SAB hastalarında intihar girişimlerini önlemek için intihar düşüncelerinin iyi bir belirteci olmadığı söylenebilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sosyal ansiyete Bozukluğu, Panik Bozukluğu, aleksitimi, intihar düşüncesi


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Altintas E, Kutuk MO, Tufan AE, Bag HG. Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463


Web Style

Altintas E, Kutuk MO, Tufan AE, Bag HG. Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=290463 [Access: June 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.290463


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Altintas E, Kutuk MO, Tufan AE, Bag HG. Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Altintas E, Kutuk MO, Tufan AE, Bag HG. Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463



Harvard Style

Altintas, E., Kutuk, M. O., Tufan, A. E. & Bag, H. G. (0) Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463



Turabian Style

Altintas, Ebru, Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ali Evren Tufan, and Harika Gozukara Bag. 0. Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463



Chicago Style

Altintas, Ebru, Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ali Evren Tufan, and Harika Gozukara Bag. "Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder." doi:10.5455/apd.290463



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Altintas, Ebru, Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ali Evren Tufan, and Harika Gozukara Bag. "Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder." doi:10.5455/apd.290463



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Altintas, E., Kutuk, M. O., Tufan, A. E. & Bag, H. G. (0) Alexithymia is not a good predictor of suicidal ideation in patients with social anxiety disorder. doi:10.5455/apd.290463





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