ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Mehmet Çakıcı, Ebru Çakıcı, İpek Özsoy, Meryem Karaaziz, Utku Beyazıt, Sevil Hançerli.

Abstract
Objective: This study is a follow-up study of the study, which was conducted in 1999. In the light of the recent results, this study’s aim is to investigate prevalence of psychoactive substance use; such as cigarettes, alcohol and others, and to see the change in ratios compared to previous years. Methods: This study was conducted in March 2015, with 1487 secondary school students from state schools and private schools in TRNC. A questionnaire form consisted of questions about sociodemographic characteristics, use of tobacco, alcohol and other psychoactive substances was administered to the students. The questionnaire of the study was based on questions from the European Schools Research Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs, similar with recent school-based studies in TRNC. Results: Results showed that, the percentage of smoking at least once was 8.9%, alcohol use percentage was 36.3%, use of other psychoactive drugs (OPD) was 5.5% and the use of illegal substances was 3.9%. When the results compared with 1999 study, it has seen that illegal substance use was increased. Most commonly reason of using OPD were entertainment, curiosity and irritability. It was seen that first OPD use was decreased to the age of 11 and below. Smoking, alcohol use and being drunk were the risk factors for becoming probably users of illegal drugs. Conclusion: Research findings indicated that there is an increase in the use of different kinds of psycho-active substances.

Key words: Psychoactive substance use, prevalence, risk factors, secondary school students



Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti’nde ortaokul öğrencileri arasında psikoaktif madde kullanımının yaygınlığı ve risk etkenleri, 1999- 2015

Ozet
Amaç: Bu çalışma 1999 yılında yapılan çalışmanın izleme çalışması niteliğindedir. Önceki bulguların ışığı çerçeve-sinde bu araştırmanın amacı, Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti’ndeki ortaokullarda sigara, alkol ve diğer psikoaktif maddelerin yaygınlıklarını ve risk etkenlerini araştırmak, önceki yıllara göre değişen oranlar saptamaktır. Yöntem: Çalışma Mart 2015’de KKTC’deki Milli Eğitim ve Kültür Bakanlığının Genel Orta Eğitim ve Mesleki Teknik Öğretim Dairelerine bağlı bütün devlet ortaokulları ve özel kolejlerde 1487 ortaokul öğrencisi arasında yapılmıştır. Anketteki sosyodemografik bilgiler yanında sigara, alkol ve diğer psikoaktif madde (DPM) kullanımı ile ilgili sorular Alkol ve Diğer Maddelerle İlgili Avrupa Okulları Araştırma Projesi Çalışmasından yararlanılarak hazırlanmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışmada yaşam boyu en az bir kez sigara içme oranı %8.9, alkol kullanımı %36.3, DPM kullanımı %5.5, yasa dışı madde kullanımı %3.9 olarak saptanmıştır. 1999’da yapılan çalışma ile karşılaştırıldığında yasa dışı madde kullanımında artış olduğu görülmüştür. Öğrencilerin DPM deneme nedenlerinin en çok eğlenmek, merak ve sıkıntılarını gidermek amaçlı olduğu bulunmuştur. Öğrencilerin çoğunlukla DPM kullanımına 11 ve daha küçük yaşta başladıkları belirlenmiştir. Yasa dışı madde kullanmada ise sigara-alkol içme ve sarhoş olmanın risk etkenleri oldu-ğu görülmüştür. Sonuç: Araştırma sonuçları KKTC ortaokul gençleri arasında psikoaktif madde kullanım oranlarının Avrupa ülkelerine göre daha düşük olduğunu belirlemekle birlikte, yasa dışı madde kullanımında artış olduğunu, ayrıca birçok psikoaktif madde kullanımında da artış eğilimi bulunduğunu göstermektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Psikoaktif madde kullanımı, yaygınlık, risk faktörleri, ortaokul öğrencileri.


 
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Pubmed Style

Cakici M, Cakici E, Ozsoy I, Karaaziz M, Beyazit U, Hancerli S. The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(6): 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192


Web Style

Cakici M, Cakici E, Ozsoy I, Karaaziz M, Beyazit U, Hancerli S. The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=293192 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.293192


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cakici M, Cakici E, Ozsoy I, Karaaziz M, Beyazit U, Hancerli S. The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2018; 19(6): 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cakici M, Cakici E, Ozsoy I, Karaaziz M, Beyazit U, Hancerli S. The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 19(6): 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



Harvard Style

Cakici, M., Cakici, . E., Ozsoy, . I., Karaaziz, . M., Beyazit, . U. & Hancerli, . S. (2018) The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 19 (6), 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



Turabian Style

Cakici, Mehmet, Ebru Cakici, Ipek Ozsoy, Meryem Karaaziz, Utku Beyazit, and Sevil Hancerli. 2018. The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (6), 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



Chicago Style

Cakici, Mehmet, Ebru Cakici, Ipek Ozsoy, Meryem Karaaziz, Utku Beyazit, and Sevil Hancerli. "The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19 (2018), 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cakici, Mehmet, Ebru Cakici, Ipek Ozsoy, Meryem Karaaziz, Utku Beyazit, and Sevil Hancerli. "The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 19.6 (2018), 586-593. Print. doi:10.5455/apd.293192



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cakici, M., Cakici, . E., Ozsoy, . I., Karaaziz, . M., Beyazit, . U. & Hancerli, . S. (2018) The prevalence and risk factors of psychoactive substance use among secondary school students in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 19 (6), 586-593. doi:10.5455/apd.293192





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