ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition

Nilgün Çöl, Cem Gökçen, Beltinge Demircioğlu Kılıç, Mehmet Karadağ.

Abstract
Objective: Attention-deficithyperactivitydisorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed neurobehavioral disorders in childhood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the obesity/hypertension prevalence of chil-dren with ADHD at the time of initialdiagnosis, to assessthe total body composition, and also to evaluate the asso-ciated risk factors. Methods: The study was carried out with 77 ADHD/100 healthy children and adolescent. All individuals completed a questionnaire form prepared by researchers. The weight, height, and blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed using standardized protocols. Total body composition analysis was performed by ‘bioelectrical impedance analysis’ method. Results: The obesity/hypertension prevalence in ADHD patients were 16.9%, 13.0%, respectively. The obesity prevalence was more frequent and diastolic BP values were higher in pa-tients than controls. Total body fat (%) was higher in both obese and non-obese patients. In females, sistolic BP and diastolic BP values were higher in ADHD group than control group. In girls sleep duration in weekend-days was shorter in patients. Paternal body mass index was higher in ADHD group. Consumption of chocolate/sugar/chicken/ fish and screen time>1 hour in a day were more common in ADHD patients. Conclusion: The high obesity/hyper-tension rates in our study emphasize that the assessment of weight/BP should be a part of the ADHD management. The ADHD patients may also have an increased risk of high total body fat even though individuals are not obese. Short sleep duration, consumption of a high amount of chocolate/sugar/chicken/fish, andscreen time>1 hour per day may be a risk factor for ADHD.

Key words: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, childhood, hypertension, obesity



DEHB’li çocuk/ergenlerdeobezite/hipertansiyon yaygınlığı ve toplam vücut kompozisyonunun değerlendirilmesi

Ozet
Amaç: Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu (DEHB) çocukluk çağının en sık tanı konulan nöro gelişimsel bozuk-luklarından birisidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı DEHB’li çocuklarda tanı sırasında obezite/hipertansiyon yaygınlığının araştırılması, toplam vücut yağ içeriğinin belirlenmesi ve ilişkili risk etkenlerinin değerlendirilmesidir. Yöntem: Çalış-ma 77 DEHB/100 sağlıklı çocuk ve adolesan üzerinde yürütüldü. Çalışmaya katılanlar, araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanan bir anket formu doldurdular. Boy, kilo ve kanbasıncı (KB) ölçümleri standart protolollere gore gerçekleş-tirildi. Toplam vücut yağ içeriği ‘biyoelektrik impedans analiz’ yöntemi ile gerçekleştirildi. Bulgular: Hasta grubunda obezite/hipertansiyon oranı %16.9/%13.0 olarak belirlendi. Hastalarda kontrol grubuna göre obezite daha sık görü-lüyordu ve diyastolik KB değerleri daha yüksekti. Toplam vücut yağı (%) hem obez, hem de obez olmayan hastalar-da daha yüksekti. Kızlarda, sistolik ve diyastolik KB değerleri hasta grubunda kontrole göre daha yüksekti. Kızlarda, hafta sonu günlerinde uyku süresi hasta grubunda daha kısaydı. Babaların beden kitle indeksi DEHB grubunda daha fazlaydı. Hastalarda çikolata/şeker/tavuk/balık tüketimi ve günde 1 saatten fazla ekran zamanı daha yaygındı. Sonuç: Çalışmamızdaki yüksek obezite/hipertansiyon oranları, DEHB hastalarında ağırlık ve KB değerlendirme-lerinin DEHB hastalarının izlemlerinin bir parçasının olması gerektiğini vurgulamaktadır. Bu hastalar obez olmasalar bile yüksek toplam vücut yağı açısından risk altındadırlar. Kısa uyku süresi, fazla miktarda çikolata/şeker/tavuk/balık tüketimi ve günde 1 saatten fazla ekran zamanı DEHB gelişimi için risk etkeni olabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu, çocukluk çağı, hipertansiyon, obezite


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nilgün Çöl
Articles by Cem Gökçen
Articles by Beltinge Demircioğlu Kılıç
Articles by Mehmet Karadağ
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 171
Downloaded: 116
Cited: 0

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Col N, Gokcen C, Kilic BD, Karadag M. Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929


Web Style

Col N, Gokcen C, Kilic BD, Karadag M. Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=298929 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/apd.298929


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Col N, Gokcen C, Kilic BD, Karadag M. Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Col N, Gokcen C, Kilic BD, Karadag M. Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929



Harvard Style

Col, N., Gokcen, . C., Kilic, . B. D. & Karadag, . M. (0) Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929



Turabian Style

Col, Nilgun, Cem Gokcen, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, and Mehmet Karadag. 0. Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929



Chicago Style

Col, Nilgun, Cem Gokcen, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, and Mehmet Karadag. "Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition." doi:10.5455/apd.298929



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Col, Nilgun, Cem Gokcen, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, and Mehmet Karadag. "Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition." doi:10.5455/apd.298929



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Col, N., Gokcen, . C., Kilic, . B. D. & Karadag, . M. (0) Prevalence of obesity/hypertension in children and adolescents with ADHD and evaluation of total body composition. doi:10.5455/apd.298929





Most Viewed Articles
  • Schizophrenia and mega cisterna magna: case report [Turkish]
    Semra Karayılan, Atila Erol
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 90-92
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36699

  • Impulsivity in patients with obesity and correlations with body perception and self-esteem [Turkish]
    G Sarısoy, A Atmaca, G Ecemiş, K Gümüş, O Pazvantoğlu
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 53-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.34469

  • The relationship between aggression and online video game addiction: a study on massively multiplayer online video game players [Turkish]
    H. Andaç Demirtaş Madran, Eda Ferligül Çakılcı
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 99-107
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.39828

  • Reliability and validity of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale for bipolar mood disorder [Turkish]
    Güven Bahar, Haluk A. Savaş, Ahmet Ünal, Esen Savaş, Hilal Kaya, Aynur Bahar
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(2): 141-149
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.39827

  • The effects of the service of community mental health center on the patients with schizophrenia - evaluation of quality of life, disabilities, general and social functioning- a summary of one year follow-up [Turkish]
    Hülya Ensari, Bülent Kadri Gültekin, Derya Karaman, Ayşegül Koç, Ali Fuat Beşkardeş
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 108-114
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36380

  • Cases of sibling incest resulting in pregnancy [Turkish]
    Evrim Aktepe, Orhan Kocaman
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 177-180
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.35965

  • The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience: a validity and reliability study for adolescents [Turkish]
    Bülent Baki Telef
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 62-68
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36692

  • Job satisfaction and perceived job stress of the health professionals and the relationship between them [Turkish]
    Etem Erdal Erşan, Gülay Yıldırım, Orhan Doğan, Selma Doğan
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 115-121
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.34482

  • Eating disorders and psychosis [Turkish]
    Vesile Altınyazar, Fulya Maner
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(1): 84-88
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.38073

  • Death anxiety in elderly cases [Turkish]
    Zehra Öztürk, Gonca Karakuş, Lut Tamam
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(1): 37-43
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • Educational needs assessment of stigmatization towards mental illness in medical education: qualitative and quantitative approach [Turkish]
    Meral Demirören, Yeşim Şenol, Ayşen Melek Aytuğ-Koşan, Meram Can Saka
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(1): 22-29
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.45731

  • Impulsivity in patients with obesity and correlations with body perception and self-esteem [Turkish]
    G Sarısoy, A Atmaca, G Ecemiş, K Gümüş, O Pazvantoğlu
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 53-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.34469

  • Frontal Lobe Syndrome Developing After Head Trauma: Case Report [Turkish]
    Betül Çevik, Ali Yıldırım, Dürdane Aksoy, Erdal Özer, Semiha Kurt
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(3): 223-226
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.155354

  • Investigation of mindfulness and affecting factors of mindfulness among substance users and non users [Turkish]
    Kültegin Ögel, Nuray Sarp, Defne Tamar Gürol, Eda Ermağan
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(4): 282-288
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.169583

  • Characteristic features of perpetrators of sexual abuse on children and adolescents in four different regions of Turkey [Turkish]
    Ayten Erdoğan, Evren Tufan, Mehmet Gökşin Karaman, Mehmet Süleyman Atabek, Cem Koparan, Esra Özdemir, Anna Baranova Çetiner, Nihal Yurteri, Ülkem Öztürk, Mehmet Ali Kurçer, Handan Ankaralı
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(1): 55-61
    » Abstract

  • Schizophrenia and mega cisterna magna: case report [Turkish]
    Semra Karayılan, Atila Erol
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 90-92
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36699

  • Death anxiety in elderly cases [Turkish]
    Zehra Öztürk, Gonca Karakuş, Lut Tamam
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2011; 12(1): 37-43
    » Abstract

  • Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version among university students [Turkish]
    Cemal Onur Noyan, Aslı Enez Darçın, Serdar Nurmedov, Onat Yılmaz , Nesrin Dilbaz
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(Supplement 1): 73-81
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.176101

  • The relationship between smoking & alcohol use and internet addiction among the university students [Turkish]
    Hüseyin Alaçam, Figen Çulha Ateşçi, Abdullah Cem Şengül, Selim Tümkaya
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(6): 383-388
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.172340

  • Job satisfaction and perceived job stress of the health professionals and the relationship between them [Turkish]
    Etem Erdal Erşan, Gülay Yıldırım, Orhan Doğan, Selma Doğan
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 115-121
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.34482

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Burnout, job satisfaction and depression in the healthcare personnel who work in the emergency department [Turkish]
    Cem Gökçen, Suat Zengin, Mehmet Murat Oktay, Gökay Alpak, Behçet Al, Cuma Yıldırım
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 122-128
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36379
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version among university students [Turkish]
    Cemal Onur Noyan, Aslı Enez Darçın, Serdar Nurmedov, Onat Yılmaz , Nesrin Dilbaz
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(Supplement 1): 73-81
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.176101
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience: a validity and reliability study for adolescents [Turkish]
    Bülent Baki Telef
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 62-68
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36692
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The reliability and validity of Turkish version of The Night Eating Questionnaire in psychiatric outpatient population [Turkish]
    Nuray Atasoy, Özge Saraçlı, Numan Konuk, Handan Ankaralı, S. Olga Güriz, Asena Akdemir, Güzin Mukaddes Sevinçer, Levent Atik
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 238-247
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.39829
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The prediction level of caregiver burden on caregivers’ state-trait anxiety levels [Turkish]
    Zümra Özyeşil, Aslin Oluk, Duran Çakmak
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(1): 39-44
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.39820
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale among bariatric surgery patients [English]
    Güzin Mukaddes Sevinçer, Numan Konuk, Süleyman Bozkurt, Özge Saraçlı, Halil Coşkun
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2015; 16(Supplement 1): 44-53
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.174345
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The effects of the service of community mental health center on the patients with schizophrenia - evaluation of quality of life, disabilities, general and social functioning- a summary of one year follow-up [Turkish]
    Hülya Ensari, Bülent Kadri Gültekin, Derya Karaman, Ayşegül Koç, Ali Fuat Beşkardeş
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 108-114
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36380
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Childhood trauma in recurrent and first episode depression [Turkish]
    Feridun Bülbül, Ülkü Çakır, Cuma Ülkü, İdris Üre, Onur Karabatak, Gökay Alpak
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 93-99
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.34484
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • An evaluation of the quality of life of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their families [English]
    Hasan Kandemir, Birim Günay Kılıç, Suat Ekinci, Murat Yüce
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 265-271
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.46202
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric evaluation of girls who were married at younger age and referred for criminal evaluation [Turkish]
    Nusret Soylu, Muhammed Ayaz
    Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(2): 136-144
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/apd.36694
    Cited : 3 times [Click to see citing articles]