ISSN 1302-6631
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior

Devrim Akdemir, Ayşe Zeki, Dilek Yetimoğlu Ünal, Mahmut Kara, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu Çetin.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective: Although the majority of non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors begin at adolescence, there are limited researches that studied adolescents with this behavior in our country. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychiatric symptoms, identity formation and self-esteem characteristics of adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior. Methods: Forty-eight adolescents aged between 12 and 17 with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior who admitted to the adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic and 49 adolescents with the same age who admitted to the same clinic with psychiatric symptoms other than non-suicidal self-injurious behavior were included. Brief Symptom Inventory, Sense of Identity Assessment Form and Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory were used to evaluate the psychiatric symptoms, the identity formation and the self-esteem of adolescents, respectively. Results: The adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior experienced more psychiatric symptoms and identity confusion compared to the control group. The lower self-esteem observed in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior was found to be related to associate psychiatric disorders rather than the non-suicidal self-injurious behavior itself. Conclusion: Adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior constitute a high-risk group with regard to psychiatric symptoms and complications. Researches investigating the developmental risk factors of non-suicidal self-injurious behavior in adolescents will contribute to the promotion of preventive mental health policies and effective intervention programs.

Key words: adolescent, self-injurious behavior, mental disorders, identity status, self-esteem



Kendine zarar verme davranışı olan ergenlerde kimlik durumu ve benlik saygısı

Ozet
Amaç: Kendine zarar verme davranışı ergenlik döneminde başlamasına karşın, kendine zarar veren ergenler ile ülkemizde yapılan çalışmalar oldukça kısıtlıdır. Bu çalışmanın amacı kendine zarar verme davranışı olan ergenlerde psikiyatrik belirtileri, kimlik gelişimini ve benlik saygısını incelemektir. Yöntem: Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatrisi ayaktan tedavi kliniğine başvuran ve kendine zarar verme davranışı olan 12-17 yaş arasındaki 48 ergen ile kendine zarar verme davranışı dışında psikiyatrik yakınmaları olan benzer yaş grubundaki 49 ergen çalışmaya alınmıştır. Ergenlerdeki psikiyatrik belirtiler Kısa Semptom Envanteri, kimlik gelişimi Kimlik Durumu Değerlendirme Aracı ve benlik saygısı Rosenberg Benlik Saygısı Ölçeği ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuçlar: Kendine zarar verme davranışı olan ergenlerde psikiyatrik belirtiler ve kimlik karmaşası belirtileri anlamlı olarak daha sık bulunmuş ve bu ergenlerdeki düşük benlik saygısının kendine zarar verme davranışından çok, eşlik eden psikiyatrik bozukluklar ile ilişkili olduğu gösterilmiştir. Tartışma: Kendine zarar verme davranışı olan ergenler psikiyatrik belirtiler ve komplikasyonlar açısından oldukça yüksek riskli bir grubu oluşturmaktadır. Ergenlerde kendine zarar verme davranışının gelişimsel risk etkenlerini araştıran çalışmalar önleyici ruh sağlığı politikalarının ve etkili müdahale programlarının geliştirilmesine katkıda bulunacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ergen, kendine zarar verme davranışı, psikiyatrik hastalıklar, kimlik durumu, benlik saygısı


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

Youth self-harm in low- and middle-income countries: Systematic review of the risk and protective factors
Int J Soc Psychiatry 2017; 63(4): 359.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Akdemir D, Zeki A, Unal DY, Kara M, Cetin FC. [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961


Web Style

Akdemir D, Zeki A, Unal DY, Kara M, Cetin FC. [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. http://www.anadolupsikiyatri.net/?mno=35961 [Access: July 21, 2018]. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akdemir D, Zeki A, Unal DY, Kara M, Cetin FC. [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2013; 14(1): 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akdemir D, Zeki A, Unal DY, Kara M, Cetin FC. [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. (2013), [cited July 21, 2018]; 14(1): 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



Harvard Style

Akdemir, D., Zeki, A., Unal, D. Y., Kara, M. & Cetin, F. C. (2013) [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg, 14 (1), 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



Turabian Style

Akdemir, Devrim, Ayse Zeki, Dilek Yetimoglu Unal, Mahmut Kara, and Fusun Cuhadaroglu Cetin. 2013. [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 14 (1), 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



Chicago Style

Akdemir, Devrim, Ayse Zeki, Dilek Yetimoglu Unal, Mahmut Kara, and Fusun Cuhadaroglu Cetin. "[Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 14 (2013), 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akdemir, Devrim, Ayse Zeki, Dilek Yetimoglu Unal, Mahmut Kara, and Fusun Cuhadaroglu Cetin. "[Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]." Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 14.1 (2013), 69-76. Print.Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akdemir, D., Zeki, A., Unal, D. Y., Kara, M. & Cetin, F. C. (2013) [Identity status and self-esteem in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injurious behavior]. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry, 14 (1), 69-76. Turkish. doi:10.5455/apd.35961





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